来自 技术 2019-04-17 00:00 的文章

monit介绍和配置

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monit介绍和配置

1.介绍

monit监控和管理进程、程序、文件、目录和Unix系统的文件的工具。可以进行自动维护和修理,在错误的情况下执行有意义的因果关系的行动。比如,某个进程没有运行启动它;没有响应重启它;占用太多资源停止该进程等等。也可以用来监控文件、目录或系统文件的变化,如时间戳的改变,检验和的改变或大小的改变

2.安装:(需先装epel源)

yum installmonit -y

3.配置

3.1 monit 的配置文件monit.conf

set daemon 30 监控检查的时间间隔

set logfile syslog 默认日志为syslog,还可以设置为自定义路径下的文件

set pidfile /var/run/monit.pid 设置pid文件的位置

set idfile /var/.monit.id 设置监控项目唯一ID的文件位置 默认在$HOME/.monit.id

set statefile /var/.monit.state 默认存储每个周期内monitorinig状态的文件

set mailserver mail.bar.baz 主的邮件服务器

backup.bar.baz port 10025 备的邮件服务器

mailserver支持格式为:

SETMAILSERVER<hostname|ip-address[PORTnumber][USERNAMEstring][PASSWORDstring][usingSSLAUTO|SSLV2|SSLV3|TLSV1|TLSV11|TLSV12][CERTMD5checksum]>,...

[withTIMEOUTXSECONDS]

[usingHOSTNAMEhostname]

seteventqueue#默认当邮件服务器不可用时使用eventqueue存储报警事件

basedir/var/monit

slots100#限制队列大小

set mail-format { 设置邮件告警的格式

from: monit@$HOST

subject: monit alert -- $EVENT $SERVICE

message: $EVENT Service $SERVICE

Date: $DATE

Action: $ACTION

Host: $HOST

Description: $DESCRIPTION

Your faithful employee,

Monit

}

set alertsysadm@foo.bar 设置接收告警的邮箱

以上是全局的配置,具体的services监控语法后面会介绍

3.2 进程监控

在 /etc/monit.d/下创建 nginx ,,并重启monit。内容如下

check process nginx with pidfile /usr/local/xywy/nginx/run/nginx.pidstart program = "/usr/local/xywy/nginx/sbin/nginx" with timeout 30 secondsstop program = "/usr/local/xywy/nginx/sbin/nginx -s stop"

3.3 监控文件

在/etc/monit.d/下创建monit_test ,并重启monit,内容如下

check file monit.conf path /etc/monit.confgroup systemif changed sha1 checksumthen exec "/usr/local/bin/monit -c /etc/monit.conf reload"

3.4 监控文件设备

check device VAR_LOG with path /var/logif space usage > 85% then alertcheck filesystem tmpfs with path /varif space usage > 80% then alert

下面是配置综合案例

check process sshd with pidfile /var/run/sshd.pid start program "/etc/init.d/sshd start" stop program "/etc/init.d/sshd stop" if failed port 22 protocol ssh then restart if 5 restarts within 5 cycles then timeoutcheck process mysql with pidfile /var/run/mysqld/mysqld.pid group database start program = "/etc/init.d/mysqld start" stop program = "/etc/init.d/mysqld stop" if failed host 127.0.0.1 port 3306 then restart if 5 restarts within 5 cycles then timeout check process nginx with pidfile /var/run/nginx.pid start program = "/etc/init.d/nginx start" stop program = "/etc/init.d/nginx stop" if failed host www.vpsee.com port 80 protocol http then restart check process php_cgi with pidfile /var/run/php_cgi.pid start program = "/etc/init.d/php_cgi start" stop program = "/etc/init.d/php_cgi stop" if failed host 127.0.0.1 port 9000 then restart if 5 restarts within 5 cycles then timeoutcheck process apache with pidfile /var/run/httpd.pid group www start program = "/etc/init.d/httpd start" stop program = "/etc/init.d/httpd stop" if failed host www.vpsee.com port 8080 protocol http then restart if cpu is greater than 80% for 2 cycles then alert if cpu > 80% for 5 cycles then restart if totalmem > 512 MB for 5 cycles then restart if children > 200 then restart if loadavg(5min) greater than 10 for 8 cycles then stop if 3 restarts within 5 cycles then timeout

3.5 monit命令使用

-c 指定配置文件

-d 后台运行

-l指定logfile

-p 指定pid file

-s 指定statefile

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